PURPOSE OF PRISON IS PUNISHMENT AND REHABILITATION
The purpose of prisons is emphasizing on corrections and punishing the law offenders. Also, its purpose is to rehabilitate the offenders. As James Gilligan indicated the primary purpose for prison should be restraining the people that are violent while assisting them to amend their behaviour and return to the community. However, in recent years, prisons have become the most unsuccessful institutions (Benson, 45). Prisons are institutions that restrain offenders from normal society. Also, prisons act as a punishment to criminals. It provides a platform for rehabilitation of offenders.
The primary purpose of the prison has diminished. According to the research done by the united states department of justice, sixty-eight per cent of the prisoners end up in crime after being released from imprisonment. The reason is that the prisoners experience hash treatments while in prison (Benson, 45). Prisoners need to be encouraged to develop occupational skills. Besides, they should be encouraged to resolve the psychological problem like aggression and substance abuse.
The prison systems should utilize the psychologist to act as primary mental health caregivers to provide various services such as screening new inmates for the mental disease to ensure that prisoners get proper rehabilitation. They should be us by the institutions to provide crisis counselling and group therapy (Benson, 45).
To ensure that society safe from wrongdoers, it is paramount to restrain people who are dangerous to others regardless of their position in society (Nguyen). Offenders are deprived of their freedom to protect the interest of other people. While in their restrained state, they get a chance to reflect on their behaviour and amend their ways. About 48 per cent of the people who get imprisoned change their ill behaviour (Nguyen). Sixty-eight per cent of the prisoners return to prison after being released from imprisonment is due to lack of rehabilitation in their previous restrain.
Etienne, Benson. "Rehabilitate or punish?" Journal of American Psychological Association, vol. 34, no. 7, July-Aug. 2003, pp. 45-47, www.apa.org/monitor/julaug03/rehab. Accessed 11 Sept. 2020.
Nguyen, Bryan. "Prisons: Reform or Punishment?" Medium, 23 Apr. 2017, medium.com/fhsaplang/prisons-reform-or-punishment-2ce135a108c7. Accessed 11 Sept. 2020.